The age of the gas-powered muscle car is nearly over. Dodge has unveiled its “last super-fast gasoline muscle car,” as The Associated Press reports. The 2023 Challenger SRT Demon 170 can go from zero to 60 miles per hour in under two seconds — but it burns a lot of gas to get there: The vehicle gets just 13 miles per gallon in the city.
You can just imagine the amount of climate-changing carbon emissions produced by such a machine, which is why they’re going away: Just 3,300 Challenger Demons will be produced before the end of the year. After that? The Canadian factory where they’re made will be converted to electric vehicle production. “It’s the end of an era, for sure,” said Tim Kuniskis, CEO of the Dodge brand. Why is the muscle car era ending? And what will replace them? Here’s everything you need to know:
What are muscle cars?
There is a difference between a “muscle car” and a “sports car.” Both are fast, but muscle cars tend to be a bit bigger and brawnier, which means you need to slow down at corners a bit more than if you’re driving a smaller and more nimble sports car. Jim Gorzelany at Carfax writes that muscle cars are usually “rear-wheel-drive, two-door American production cars that are equipped with a large V8 engine, wide tires, flared fenders, and large hood scoops.” Some classics of the genre include the 1970 Dodge Challenger, 1969 Chevrolet Camaro, and 1976 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am, according to the folks at Progressive, the insurance company.
As those model years indicate, the heyday of the muscle car was the late 1960s and early 1970s, before the 1970s oil crisis made them unsustainable for most drivers.
Gas-powered muscle cars drive into the sunset, turn electric
Why are gas-powered muscle cars going away?
Climate change. “Unfortunately, two things that are seemingly mutually exclusive are muscle cars and sustainability,” Dimitar Angelov writes at TopSpeed.
Dodge actually revived the muscle car era in the early 2000s by reintroducing the Charger and Challenger models, but the company announced in August 2022 it was moving on. Why? “For several years, Kuniskis has warned that the end was coming for the gas-powered muscle cars due to emissions regulations,” CNBC reports. Dodge’s parent company, Stellantis — formerly known as FiatChrysler — “ranks the worst among major manufacturers for U.S. corporate average fuel economy and carbon emissions.” As America attempts to reduce its carbon emissions and slow the pace of global warming, that simply won’t do.
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Will regulators take classic muscle cars off the road?
Some collectors of classic muscle cars worry about that possibility, but that probably won’t happen. “It’s nearly impossible to find industry experts or environmentalists who think such a ban would spell the end for classic cars,” John D. Stoll writes for Hagerty, a company that insures classic cars.
However, he notes that some large cities in the United States and abroad have looked into creating “zero emissions zones” where old-school Challengers and Camaros might not be welcome. There might be a solution for the owners of those cars: AP reports there is a “small but expanding group of tinkerers, racers, engineers and entrepreneurs” who are converting their old gas-powered muscle cars into electric vehicles. A 2022 survey of 25,000 enthusiasts found that about 1 percent had converted their classic cars to run on an electric engine.
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